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Friday, February 23, 2024
Giacomo Puccini

Volta was born and educated in Como, Lombardy (Italy), where he became professor of physics at the Royal School in 1774. His passion had always been the study of electricity, and still as a young student he had even written a poem in Latin on this fascinating new discovery. In 1775, he devised the electrophorus, a device that produced a static electric charge. In 1776-77, Alessandro studied the chemistry of gases, discovered methane, and devised experiments such as the ignition of gases by an electric spark in a closed vessel. In 1779, he became professor of physics at the University of Pavia, a chair he occupied

for 25 years. In 1800, as the result of a professional disagreement over the galvanic response advocated by Luigi Galvani, he developed the so-called voltaic pile, a forerunner of the electric battery, which produced a steady electric current. Volta had determined that the most effective pair of dissimilar metals to produce electricity was zinc and silver. The electric pile replaced the goblets with cardboard soaked in brine. In honor of his work in the field of electricity, Napoleon made him a count in 1810. In 1815, the Emperor of Austria named him a professor of philosophy at Padova. Volta died on March 5, 1827 and is buried in the city of Como in Italy. The Tempio Voltiano near Lake Como is a museum devoted to explaining his work. Alessandro Volta's original instruments and papers are on display there.
(Courtesy of www.wikipedia.org)

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