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Tuesday, June 2, 2020
 
 
Stowage of British Slave ship Brookes under the Regulated Slave Trade
  1515   First Africans are brought to North America as slaves
       
  1605   First Recorded African in Canada Matthieu da Costa as a translator between the French and the Micmac natives at Port Royal, Acadia in 1605-06
       
  1628   The first recorded slave purchase occurs in New France (now Quebec). The purchase is of a young boy from Madagascar who is given the name Olivier Le Jeune
       
  1685   Code Noir allows use of slaves in the colonies
       
  1701  

Explorer and fur trader Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac brings several dozen slaves, African and aboriginal, from Montreal to build a fort at Detroit Black slaves work in the fur trade with their owners

       
  1709   Slavery becomes legal in New France
         
Slave Cabin - photo courtesy of the Library of Congress
  1760   Britain takes control of New France - slavery continues
       
  1774   Loyalists both black and white migrate to Canada to claim lands promised by Britain. Some Loyalists bring slaves with them to Canada
       
  1775-1783   The American Revolution - African-Americans are encouraged to fight for Britain in return for freedom and land grants in Canada
         
Following the North Star
  1783   Colonel Matthew Elliot, A United Empire Loyalist, brings 60 slaves to the Amherstburg area
       
  1786   The Underground Railroad is working to assist former slaves attempting to reach freedom in Northern States or Canada
       
  1790   The Imperial Statute allows settlers to bring slaves into Canada
         
The War of 1812
  1793   Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe passes anti-slavery legislation. The Upper Canada Act Against Slaves allows slave owners to keep slaves but any slave who crosses into Canada will be free and the children of slaves will be free at age 25
       
  1807   British parliament abolishes the Transatlantic Slave Trade but not slavery
         
    1812-1814   The War of 1812
         
    1819   Declaration by Attorney General of Upper Canada, John Beverley Robinson, that Blacks residing in Canada be free and protected by British law
         
    1830-1865   Most active years of the Underground Railroad Movement
         
Photo courtesy of The Library & Archives of Canada (NAC-ANC C-395)
  1833   The British Imperial Act abolishes slavery in the colonies
Thorton and Lucie Blackburn escape slave catchers in Detroit and seek refuge in Sandwich
The colonial government refuses to extradite them and Canada is established as a safe haven for enslaved Africans
       
  1834   Formal enactment of the Emancipation Proclamation on August 1st
         
    1837-1838   The Rebellion of 1837
African-Canadians (including Josiah Henson) take part as member of militia in defense of Canada
William Lyon Mackenzie complains that Black settlers are "extravagantly loyal"
         
Pioneer Settlers - Photo Courtesy of Grey County Museum
  1848   The Nazrey African Methodist Episcopal Church built in Amherstburg by former slaves and free blacks
       
  1850   Fugitive Slave Act is passed in America which allows slave owners or their agents to capture fugitives
Many fugitive slaves and free Blacks flee to Canada to avoid capture
Mary Miles Bibb opens school for Blacks in Sandwich
         
    1851   Mary Ann Shadd Cary sets up school for escaped slaves in the barracks in Windsor
The British Methodist Episcopal denomination organized by Rev. Willis Nazrey
Refugee Home Society is established to purchase land an assist fugitives
         
Emancipation Day, Amherstburg - Photo Courtesy of the Windsor Star
  1851-1853   Voice of the Fugitive newspaper published by Henry Bibb, and Mary Miles Bibb, in Sandwich
       
  1855   Robert Sutherland 1st Black lawyer
         
    1860-1865   American Civil War – many African Canadians participate
         
    1863   President Abraham Lincoln introduces the Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in seceded states
         
    1865   Lincoln is assassinated
December 18th the government of the United States passes the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery
         
War Memorial - Photo Courtesy of Nancy Morand
  1887   James L. Dunn becomes the first African Canadian elected to Windsor Town Council
       
  1897   Robert L. Dunn, city councilor, runs for mayor, the first African Canadian to do so
       
  1914-1918   African-Canadians overcome opposition and serve in both segregated and non-segregated units overseas
       
  1917   No. 2 Construction Battalion establishes a recruiting station in Windsor
Citizens come to the aid of Black soldiers who are denied access to seating in a Windsor theatre
       
  1920   The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) moves into Ontario
       
  1928   The Central or Coloured Citizens Association is formed in Windsor and fights discrimination
         
    1931   The first annual 'Greatest Freedom Show on Earth' Emancipation Day celebration is organized by Walter Perry in Windsor
       
  1934   The Hour-A-Day Study Club is established in Windsor
         
City of Windsor Redevelopment of Area One, photo courtesy of Windsor Public Library
  1944   Ontario passes the Racial Discrimination Act
       
  1951   Alton C. Parker becomes the first African Canadian to achieve the rank of Detective on a police force in Canada
         
    1955   Canadian Pacific Railway starts to let blacks work as conductors. Previously only allowed to be porters
         
    1960   Significant immigration from West Indies begins, primarily due to the lobbying of the Negro Citizenship Committee (Toronto)
         
    1961  

1st Ontario Human Rights Commissioner – Daniel G Hill
Windsor Black Coalition is founded

         
    1962   City of Windsor Redevelopment of Area One - a large portion of the historic McDougall Street Corridor is expropriated
         
The Tower of Freedom Monument, photo courtesy of Heather Soulliere
  1964   In Ontario, segregated schools are legally abolished
       
  1965   KKK said to be responsible for cross burnings in Amherstburg
One of the last segregated schools in Ontario, S.S. #11, closes in Colchester South
       
  1966   Annual Emancipation Day Celebrations cancelled due to Detroit Riots
       
  1968   Lincoln Alexander becomes Canada’s 1st Black Member of Parliament
       
  1969   The first annual Uncle Al’s Kids’ Party is held at Broadhead Park
Windsor's Patterson Collegiate institutes a Black Studies course
       
  1975   The North American Black Historical Museum is founded by Melvin Simpson in Amherstburg
       
  1984   Dr. Howard McCurdy serves as one of Windsor's Members of Parliament
 

The opinions and interpretations in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Government of Canada.

 

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