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Tuesday, June 2, 2020
 
 
S.S. No. 13, North Buxton courtesy of Enduring Heritage

S.S. No. 13, North Buxton courtesy of The North American Black Historical Museum
 
 Photo Courtesy of Cousin Kathleen’s Guide Service

Photo Courtesy of Cousin Kathleen’s Guide Service
 
Photo courtesy of Cousin Kathleen’s Guide Service

Photo courtesy of Cousin Kathleen’s Guide Service
 
 

Buxton National Historic Site and Museum

21975 A. P. Shadd Rd., N. Buxton
www.buxtonmuseum.com

In 1849 Reverend William King brought 15 slaves from Louisiana to freedom in Canada. Together they founded the Elgin Settlement at Buxton in November 1849. At its peak this self sufficient black community consisted of over 2000 residents including land owners and business people.

King mortaged his farm to obtain funds to build the mission school/church. The mission school opened to all children in April of 1850. By 1857 two schools were operating one for girls and one for boys with a total enrolment of 140 students. In 1861 a third school, School Section #13 was established. S.S. #13 was in operation until 1968 and is the only school built by fugitive slaves still in existence in Canada.

The Buxton Historic Site and Museum offers interesting programs for visitors and school groups alike.

   
 

The opinions and interpretations in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Government of Canada.

 

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